1975-1985: Launch of Microsoft

In late 1974, Paul Allen, a programmer at Honeywell, was walking across the square when he saw the first microcomputer, the Altair 8800, which saw the front cover of the popular electronic device cover in January 1975. Allen bought the magazine and went to the Career House at Harvard College, where he showed it to his high school friend, Bill Gates.

They saw the potential to improve BASIC’s implementation capabilities for the system. Although Alan and Gates did not have a translator or Altair system, they developed a translator with the help of Monte Davidoff eight weeks before the show. When he flew to Alan Albuquerque to meet with MITS, the translator worked and MITS agreed to distribute Altair Basic. Alan moved to Albuquerque, and Gates soon left Harvard, where he became the founder of Microsoft. The company had revenue of $ 16,005 at the end of 1976.

Allen introduced the original name of Microsoft, a primary division of microcomputers and software. On November 26, 1976, the company was registered under the same name with the Secretary of State for New Mexico. The company’s first international office was established on November 1, 1978 in Japan under the name “ASCII Microsoft” (now called “Microsoft Japan”) and on November 29, 1979, the term “Microsoft” was first used by Bill Gates. On January 1, 1979, the company moved to a new home in Bellevue, Washington, as it was difficult to recruit top programmers from Albuquerque. Shortly before the move, eleven of the then thirteen appeared for the Southern Staff Photo.

Steve Bolmer joined the company on June 11, 1980, and later served as CEO of Bill Gates [2000] from January 1999 to February 2014. The company was restructured on June 25, 1981, and became a corporation business in the state of Washington (changing its name to “Microsoft Corporation, Inc.”). As part of the restructuring, Bill Gates became chairman of the company and chairman of the board, while Paul Allen became executive vice chairman. Alan Hodgkin left the company in 1983 after being diagnosed with lymphoma, but remained on the board as vice president.

Microsoft’s early products were the early versions of Microsoft Basic, such as Apple Computer II (Composer Basic) and Commodore 64 (Commodore Basic) in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

Microsoft has sold two products for the Radio-Shock TRS-80 through an Apple dealer in West Palm Beach, Florida. One is the “typing teacher” who guided the user to use the keyboard. The other was “Mumath”, written by a professor at the University of Hawaii and had the ability to do arithmetic with long integers to avoid floating point numbers.

The first hardware product was the Z-80 softcard, which enabled Apple II to execute the CPM / M operating system, an industry-level operating system for implementing business software at the time, and many compilers and translators for microcomputer languages. Softcard was first unveiled to the public in March 1980 at the West Coast Computer Showroom. It was an immediate success; In the first three months, 5,000 cards were sold for $ 349 each in the large computer market at the time, and in 1980 became Microsoft’s number one revenue stream.

The company’s first operating system was the Unix variant, announced on August 25, 1980. Microsoft obtained a distribution license from AT&T, renamed it Xenix, and moved the operating system to the Santa Cruz mission. Stages. This Unix variant will become the home of Microsoft Word, the first version of Microsoft’s Word processor. Originally known as the “multi-tool word”, Microsoft Word stood out in the 1970s with the use of “you get what you see” pioneered by Xerox Alto and Bravo text editors.

Word was first released in the spring of 1983, and free trial versions of the app were added to PC World in November 1983.

Became famous with a share issue raising US $ 61 million for a share issue and US $ 61 million for a share issue. By the end of the trading day, the price had risen to US $ 28.00. In 1987, Microsoft finally released OS / 2, their first operating system to OM. [40] At the time, the company was the world’s largest software maker for personal computers, ahead of former leader Lotus Development, and released the three most popular Macintosh business applications. That same year, the company acquired PowerPoint’s Vision, the developer, and acquired Microsoft’s first flagship software on July 30, 1987.

Meanwhile, Microsoft began to launch its flagship office products. Microsoft Works is an integrated office program that combines the features commonly found in a Word processor, spreadsheets, database, and other office applications. Microsoft Works later marketed with Microsoft Word and other Microsoft products, including Microsoft Bookshelf, and was the first CD-ROM product to be introduced in 1987, a collection of references. Then, on August 8, 1989, Microsoft launched its successful flagship product, Microsoft Office. Unlike the Microsoft Works model, Microsoft Office is a separate set of office productivity applications, such as Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel. Microsoft Word and Microsoft Office were largely internally developed, and Microsoft continued to obtain product reprints from other companies, such as Microsoft SQL Server, on January 13, 1988

On May 22, 1990, Microsoft launched Windows 3.0. The new version of the Microsoft operating system boasts new features such as a formal graphics user interface, GII, and enhanced security mode capability for the Intel 386 processor; It sold over 100,000 copies in two weeks. At the time, Windows was generating more revenue for Microsoft than the operating system, and the company decided to move more resources from operating system / 2 to Windows. In an internal letter to Microsoft employees on May 16, 1991, Bill Gates announced that the Operating System / 2 partnership had ended and that Microsoft would now extend its platform efforts to the Windows and Windows NT kernel. Some, especially those ignoring Windows, surprised many developers who devoted most resources to the operating system / 2 and accused Microsoft of cheating. This shift from operating system / 2 is often referred to in the industry as “head-fake”. In recent years, the popularity of the operating system / 2 has waned and Windows has quickly become a preferred computer platform. In 1991, Microsoft Research, an organization for research in computer science subjects at Microsoft, also launched Microsoft Visual Basic, a popular development product for companies and individuals.

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Microsoft became an international company headquartered in many countries.

With the transition from MS-DOS to Windows, the success of Microsoft Office, a product of Microsoft, enabled the company to rely on application-software competitors such as WordPerfect and Lotus 1-2-3. Nowell, a former owner of WordFerfect, alleges that Microsoft used its internal knowledge of the DOS and Windows kernels and undocumented application programming interfaces to better demonstrate its competitors. Eventually, the Microsoft Office business segment became far more dominant business entity than its competitors. In March 1992, Microsoft released the first television advertising campaign with Windows 3.1; The software sold over three million copies in its first two months. In October, Windows released Workgroup 3.1 with integrated networking capabilities such as co-file and print sharing. In November, Microsoft released the first version of its popular database software, Microsoft Access.

1995-2007: Windows 95, Windows XP and Xbox

Microsoft continued to pursue strategic decisions aimed at its customers. In March 1995, Microsoft released Bob, a graphical user interface designed for newer computer users. The interface was discontinued in 1996 due to poor sales; Bill Gates later attributed the failure to the high demand for hardware for the average computer, which is considered one of Microsoft’s most failed products. (Named EA Los Angeles by Electronic Arts in 2000) To produce interactive and multimedia entertainment properties. On August 24, 1995, Microsoft released Windows 95, the company’s flagship.

The latest version of the latest operating system included a completely new user interface, including a new Start button; More than a million copies were sold in the first four days of its release.

Windows 95 was released without a web browser, as Microsoft had not yet developed it. They were amazed at the success of the web and later came to Spyglass to get their browser licensed as Internet Explorer. The terms of the SpyGlass agreement were later disputed, as Microsoft would have to pay a royalty for each copy sold. However, Microsoft did not sell any copies of Internet Explorer and decided to add it for free with the operating system.

Internet Explorer was first included in Windows 95 Plus! Package released in August 1995. In September, the Chinese government selected Windows as the country’s operating system and entered into an agreement with the company to adopt a Chinese version of the operating system. Microsoft has also released the Microsoft Sidewinder 3D Pro Joystick in an effort to further expand its presence in the computer hardware market.

On May 26, 1995, Bill Gates sent a “Internet tidal wave” message to Microsoft executives. In this note, Netscape is described with their Netscape navigation as a “new competitor emerging from the Internet”. The note describes Microsoft’s failure to grasp the importance of the Internet, and since then Gates has assigned “the highest importance to the Internet”. ] Microsoft began to expand its product line to computer networking and the World Wide Web. On August 24, 1995, it launched MSN (Microsoft Network), a flagship online service, as a competitor to AOL. Using Microsoft Passport (now known as Microsoft Account) as a universal access system for all websites, MSN became Microsoft’s umbrella service for online services. Starting a joint venture with NBC in 1996, MSNBC continued to branch out into new markets in 1996 to create a new 24 hour cable news television station. The site was launched on July 15, 1996 to compete with similar news organizations such as CNN. Microsoft also launched a online magazine called Slate, edited by Michael Kingsley, which provided political and social commentary with the Dunesbury cartoon. [9] In an effort to expand its reach in the consumer market, the company acquired Web TV, which allowed consumers to access the Web from their television. [9] In November, Microsoft released a new version of their flagship operating system, the new Digital Assistant (PDA), with Windows CE 1.0, which was designed to run on low-memory, low-performance handrails and other small machines. Computers. Windows NT 4.0 was released in 1996, bringing together the Windows 95 GUI and the Windows NT kernel.

Microsoft largely failed to rise to the Internet in the early 1990s, and by the mid-90s some of the major technologies the company had invested in to enter the Internet market began to pay off. The most notable of these was Active-X, an application programming interface built on the Microsoft Component Object Format (COM); This allowed Microsoft and other companies to incorporate controls in many programming languages, including their own scripting languages, such as JScript and VBScript. ActiveX includes frameworks for documentation and server solutions. [12] The company also released the Microsoft SQL Server 6.5, which supports Internet applications. Microsoft Office 97 was released in November 1996 and was the first version to include Office Assistant. In 1997, Internet Explorer 4.0 was released, marking the beginning of Browser’s market takeover from rival Netscape, and an agreement with Apple Computer to integrate Internet Explorer with the Apple Macintosh operating system as well as Windows. Portable Windows CE 2.0, released this year, is designed to be more attractive to corporate customers, including bug fixes and new features. In October, the Department of Justice filed a lawsuit in federal district court, alleging that Microsoft had violated a 1994 agreement signed with H&D and asked the court to suspend Internet Explorer’s connection with Windows.

1985-1994: Windows and Office

In 1985, Ireland became home to Microsoft’s international production facility, and on November 20, Microsoft released its first Windows (Windows 1.0) graphical extension for its MS-DOS operating system. In August, Microsoft and IBM partnered to develop a separate operating system called Operating System 2. OS / 2 was marketed in connection with a new piece of hardware design owned by IBM, PS / 2. On February 16, 1986, Microsoft relocated its headquarters to its corporate office premises in Redmond, Washington. About a month later, on March 13, the company issued a share issue

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